Are Climatarian diets the next big trend?

Nov 03, 2021 12:10pm

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In this week's newsletter: FDA releases guidance for AI/ML device development, latest research, Teamwork acquired Notemeal, Lifesum reveals healthy planet saving meal plans, Food compass' nutrient profiling system and a new event!

Happy reading



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FDA releases 'guiding principles' for AI/ML device development

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration released a list of "guiding principles" that aims to help promote the safe and effective development of medical devices that use artificial intelligence and machine learning. The 10 principles are: (1) The total product life cycle uses multidisciplinary expertise; (2) The model design is implemented with good software engineering and security practices (3) Participants and data sets represent the intended patient population. (4) Training data sets are independent of test sets. (5) Selected reference data sets are based upon the best available methods. (6) Model design is tailored to the available data and reflects intended device use. (7) Focus is placed on the performance of the human-AI team. (8) Testing demonstrates device performance during clinically relevant conditions. (9) Users are provided clear, essential information. (10) Deployed models are monitored for performance, and retraining risks are managed.


Research Update


Present and Future Therapeutic Approaches to Barrier Dysfunction

This review discusses the most relevant therapeutic approaches (dietary management, nutraceuticals, medical devices, microbiota, drugs, epigenetic and exosome-manipulation) to improve intestinal permeability and intestinal barrier dysfunction.


Digital technologies: a new determinant of health

This paper is addressed to policymakers and governments. It aims to explore the convergence of digital health, artificial intelligence (AI), and other emerging technologies with UHC (universal health coverage).


The global and regional costs of healthy and sustainable dietary patterns: a modelling study

This study aimed to estimate the costs of healthy and sustainable diets for 150 countries. The findings show: "compared with the cost of current diets, the healthy and sustainable dietary patterns were, depending on the pattern, up to 22-34% lower in cost in upper-middle-income to high-income countries, but at least 18-29% more expensive in lower-middle-income to low-income countries. Reductions in food waste, a favourable socioeconomic development scenario, and a fuller cost accounting that included the diet-related costs of climate change and health care in the cost of diets increased the affordability of the dietary patterns in our future projections. When these measures were combined, the healthy and sustainable dietary patterns were up to 25-29% lower in cost in low-income to lower-middle-income countries, and up to 37% lower in cost on average, for the year 2050. Variants of vegetarian and vegan dietary patterns were generally most affordable, and pescatarian diets were least affordable." 


Metabolomics Meets Nutritional Epidemiology: Harnessing the Potential in Metabolomics Data

“The present review explores the use of metabolomics in nutritional epidemiology. In particular, it examines the role that food-intake biomarkers play in addressing the limitations of self-reported dietary intake data and the potential of using metabolite measurements in assessing the impact of diet on metabolic pathways and physiological processes”.


A review on interplay between obesity, lipoprotein profile and nutrigenetics with selected candidate marker genes of type 2 diabetes mellitus

This article aimed to explore the environment-gene-disease association with T2DM. The genes were CAPN10, FABP2, GLUT2, TCF7L2, and ENPP1 variants and the article emphasizes obesity, lipoprotein profile, and nutrition as environmental factors. The results conclude "the two factors [genetic and environmental factors] act synergistically to lead to T2DM". 


Trends and gaps in precision health research: a scoping review

This recent paper aimed to determine progress and gaps in global precision health research, examining whether precision health studies integrate multiple types of information for health promotion or restoration.



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Technology News


Teamworks Acquires Notemeal to Push for Proper Nutrition Throughout College and Pro Sports

Elite athletic organizations have been hiring sports dietitians, building performance kitchens and fueling centers, and prioritizing a personalized nutrition approach to athletes’ nutrition. Following this need, Teamworks has acquired Notemeal, a platform that connects athletes with dietitians and kitchens while providing objective data for informed meal choices, educating athletes on nutritional guidelines, and managing team orders.


Lifesum Unveils the Healthy Diet That Can Save the Planet by Reducing your CO2 by 1.5 Ton Every Year

A climatarian diet focuses on reducing the carbon footprint with plant-based (locally sourced) produce, and reducing animal food consumption, particularly beef. Dr. Alona Pulde of Lifesum has quoted some characteristics of this type of diet with the aim of making eating more sustainable and reducing carbon emissions. Foods that should have a lower environmental impact are lentils, beans, local and seasonal fruits, veggies, whole grains, including pasta, brown rice and wheat, nuts, seeds, and chicken. Food to avoid beef and lamb, palm oil, farmed fish, and sugar. Dr. Alona Pulde has created a 7-day beginner's meal plan, which features delicious recipes.


Fighting obesity: UK gov pilots £3M healthy choices app as teens fight “misleading” health claims

Almost 65% of the UK population are overweight or obese. To help combat this, the UK government has announced a six-month pilot app. The contract for the app was awarded to HeadUP Systems and will launch in January 2022. The app will be linked to a wrist-worn device, which can generate personalized health recommendations, like eating more fruit and vegetables and decreasing portion size. The users will collect points for their behavior and, in turn, receive various rewards like vouchers or discounts.




Food & Consumer Trends


Gut opportunity: Responding to health-conscious consumers with combined prebiotic and probiotic solutions

Consumers link probiotics with overall wellbeing but also with benefits in other areas of health, such as cognitive health (45%), digestive health (70%), heart health (50%), and skin health (35%). According to FMCG Gurus, the probiotics product fortification with prebiotics can be the solution to enhance the production and beneficial effects by unlocking a multitude of health benefits, making them optimal for enhancing the benefits of probiotics beyond digestive health.


Plant-based and healthy aging trends intersect in Euromed’s Mediterranean extracts

Plant-based dietary patterns are recommended to support longevity and well-being. This article shows the growing interest in natural ingredients like fruit and vegetable extracts and in the Mediterranean diet.


Ranking Healthfulness of Foods from First to Worst

In PNU 30/2021, we included a Food Compass research article, here is another article about this new system:

Food Compass is a new nutrient profiling system, more comprehensive and science-based that promises to clear up the confusion to benefit consumers and policymakers. “The potential uses of Food Compass include: (1) Encouraging the food industry to develop healthier foods and reformulate the ingredients in popular processed foods and snacks; (2) Providing food purchasing incentives for employees through worksite wellness, health care, and nutrition assistance programs; (3) Supplying the science for local and national policies such as package labeling, taxation, warning labels, and restrictions on marketing to children; (4) Enabling restaurants and school, business, and hospital cafeterias to present healthier food options; (5) Informing agricultural trade policy; and (6) Guiding institutional and individual investors on environmental, social, and corporate governance (ESG) investment decisions”.


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The AfN Undergraduate Curriculum in Nutrition for Medical Doctors

It is well known that nutrition education is lacking in the medical training programs. This gap has now been addressed by the Association of nutrition. This curriculum has been designed by the Association for Nutrition (AfN) and will be incorporated into the curriculum of undergraduate medical students. The curriculum consists of top-level Key Competencies, followed by Graduation Fundamentals. It is composed of documents and short videos about nutrition education for medical students.


 You may like to read: How plant-based eating has doubled in the UK over the last decade

Upcoming Events

2021 Symposium: Inter-Individual Differences in Nutrition Responses

“This virtual event is hosted by the Personalized Nutrition Initiative at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign on Tuesday, November 16, 8:30 AM to 1:00 PM Central Standard Time” 

Food Ingredients Europe, 23 November

Trends in Personalised nutrition with Heather Granato, Rick Miller (Mintel) and Nard Clabbers (Happ)