How your gut fights back when you go on a diet
Personalized nutrition update issue nr. 21
Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Candidate Gene Association Studies With Fracture Risk in Physically Active Participants
This study attempts to “analyze the impact of the Mediterranean diet (Md) on the nutritional state, liver steatosis, clinical disease activity, and quality of life (QoL) in IBD patients”. The sample used was 142 IBD patients, 84 UC (ulcerative colitis), and 58 CD (Crohn’s disease), which followed the Mediterranean diet for 6 months. The body mass index (BMI), body tissue composition, liver steatosis and function, serum lipid profile, clinical disease activity, and inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein and fecal calprotectin) were collected at baseline (T0) and compared with those obtained after 6 months (T180) to evaluate the impact of Md. The results showed that “At T180, diet-adherent CD and UC improved BMI (UC −0.42, P = 0.002; CD −0.48, P = 0.032) and waist circumference (UC −1.25 cm, P = 0.037; CD −1.37 cm, P = 0.041). Additionally, the number of patients affected by liver steatosis of any grade was significantly reduced in both groups (UC T0 31 of 84 [36.9%] vs T180 18 of 84 [21.4%], P = 0.0016; CD T0 27 of 58 [46.6%] vs T180 18 of 58 [31.0%], P < 0.001) after dietary intervention. A fter 6 months of the diet, fewer UC and CD patients with stable therapy had active disease (UC T0 14 of 59 [23.7%] vs T180 4 of 59 [6.8%], P = 0.004; CD T0 9 of 51 [17.6%] vs T180 2 of 51 [3.0%], P = 0.011) and elevated inflammatory biomarkers”.
The Use of Behavior Change Theories in Dietetics Practice in Primary Health Care: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
This latest systematic review looks at the evidence of behavior change theory-based interventions delivered by credentialed nutrition and dietetics practitioners in primary health care setting. Findings suggest that Thirteen studies (68%) showed significant improvements for the primary outcome measured with Social cognitive theory the most frequently applied.
Long-term Dietary Intervention Reveals Resilience of the Gut Microbiota Despite Changes in Diet and Weight
In this feasibility study conducted at UCL ( London), an individual Dietary Metabotype Score (DMS) that calculates interindividual variability to dietary response was compiled.
Viome launches world’s first at-home service to measure and improve immunity, inflammation, gut health, and aging
My recent interview with the Virtual Global Village talking about my favourite topics, Personalised nutrition, health inequality, diversity and education
Food & Consumer Trends
Stress prevention replaces weight management as a top health concern, creating a marketing opportunity
Foodmatterslive Personalised nutrition seminar 14th October 2020
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